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Checklist Of The Branchiobdellids ...
(147 species from 20 genera and 5 families) 

{Excerpts taken from the following paper:  Gelder, S.R. (1996).  A review of the taxonomic nomenclature and a checklist of the species of the Branchiobdellae (Annelida: Clitellata).  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington,  109(4): 653-663.}


The Branchiobdellidans are leach-like symbionts found mainly on freshwater astacid crayfish in the Holarctic.   This group is monophyletic and considered to be independent of, and equivalent in rank to, the clitellate Oligochaeta and Hirudinea.  The group contains five families (Holt 1986): the Branchiobdellidae, Bdellodrilidae, Cambarincolidae, Caridinophilidae, and the Xironodrilidae.

 

A crayfish with Branchiobdellids.
Photo ©2004 by Wayne Van Devender

This checklist contains the binomial names and junior synonyms of all branchiobdellans with the author and date of the original description


  • Class:  Branchiobdellae
     
    • Order: Branchiobdellida
       
      • Family:  Branchiobdellidae

        Genus:  Ankyrodrilus  Holt, 1965b   (2)

        • 1.  Ankyrodrilus koronaeus  Holt, 1965b
          2.  Ankyrodrilus legaeus  Holt, 1965b

        Genus:  Branchiobdella  Odier, 1823    (17)

        • 3.  Branchiobdella astaci  Odier, 1823
                    [=Astacobdella Roeseli (Diesing, 1850)]
                    [=Branchiobdella astaci fluviatilis (Ostroumoff, 1883)]
                    [=Branchiobdella astaci leptodactyli  (Ostroumoff, 1883)]
                    [=Branchiobdella varians var. astaci (Voigt, 1885) Pierantoni, 1912]
                    [=Hirudo astaci (Müller, 1806) Vejdovskı 1884]
                    [=Hirudo (Microbdella) astaci (Gervais, 1836) Vejdovskı, 1884)]
                    [=Malacobdella (Hirudo) Astaci (Gervais, 1836) Diesing, 1850]
                    [=Microbdella astaci (Gervais, 1845) Vejdovskı 1884]
          4.  Branchiobdella balcanica balcanica  Moszynski, 1938
                    [=Branchiobdella pentodonta orientalis (Pop, 1965) Karaman, 1967]
                    [=Xironogiton dolicoderos  (Georgevitch, 1957) Pop 1965]
          5.  Branchiobdella balcanica sketi  Karaman, 1967
          6.  Branchiobdella cheni  Liu, 1964
          7.  Branchiobdella digitata  Pierantoni, 1906
          8.  Branchiobdella domina  Timm, 1991
          9.  Branchiobdella hexodonta  Gruber, 1883
                    [=Branchiobdella dubia  (Pierantoni, 1912) Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella ochridensis  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella varians var. hexodonta  (Voigt, 1885)  Pierantoni 1912]
                    [=Cambarincola pluridentata  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
          10. Branchiobdella italica  Canegallo, 1928
                    [=Branchiobdella insolita  (Moszynski, 1938)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella pentodonta var. italica  (Canegallo, 1928)  Pop 1965]
          11. Branchiobdella kobayashii  Yamaguchi, 1934
          12. Branchiobdella kozarovi  Subchev, 1978
          13. Branchiobdella macroperistomium  Liu & Zhang, 1983
          14. Branchiobdella minuta  Pierantoni, 1912
          15. Branchiobdella monodontus  Liu & Zhang, 1983
          16. Branchiobdella orientalis  Yamaguchi, 1934
          17. Branchiobdella parasita  Henle, 1835
                    [=Astacobdella branchialis  (Vallot, 1840)  Vejdovskı 1884]
                    [=Branchiobdella anatis  (Pierantoni, 1912)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella bidens  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella decidonta  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella tridens  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella varians var. parasita  (Voigt, 1885)  Pierantoni 1912]
                    [=Cambarincola cylindrica  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Cambarincola odontias  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Hirudo Parasita  (Braun, 1805)  Henle 1835]
                    [=Pterodrilus aliata  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilus bidens  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilus dentata  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilus karamani  (Moszynski, 1938)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilus megas  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilis megodont  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Pterodrilis prion  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironogiton bidens  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
          18. Branchiobdella pentodonta  Whitman, 1882
                    [=Bdellodrilus hexadonta  Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella capito  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella cordis  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella karamani  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella segmentata  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella septadonta  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella unidonta  (Georgevitch, 1957)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Branchiobdella varians var. pentodonta  (Voigt, 1885)  Pierantoni 1912]
                    [=Cambarincola dojranensis  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Cambarincola gastrax  (Georgevitch, 1955)  Pop 1965]
                    [=Cambarincola hamata  (Georgevitch, 1957) Pop 1965]
                    [=Cambarincola odontias  (Georgevitch, 1955) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus crassus  (Georgevitch, 1955) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus tetradonta (Georgevitch, 1955) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus dilatatus  (Georgevitch, 1955) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus dolicoderos  (Georgevitch, 1955) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus latus  (Georgevitch, 1957) Pop 1965]
                    [=Xironodrilus tridens  (Georgevitch, 1957) Pop 1965]
          19. Branchiobdella teresae  Subchev, 1986

        Genus:  Cirrodrilus  Pierantoni, 1905   (24)

        20. Cirrodrilus aequiannulus  (Liu, 1984)
                  [=Stephanodrilus aequiannulus  Liu, 1984]
        21. Cirrodrilus anodontus  (Liu, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus anodontus  Liu, 1964]
        22. Cirrodrilus aomorensis  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus  (St.) aomorensis  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        23. Cirrodrilus breviformis  (Liu & Chang, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus breviformis  Liu & Chang, 1964]
        24. Cirrodrilus chosen  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus (St.) chosen  Yamaguchi, 1934]


      • 25. Cirrodrilus cirratus  Pierantoni, 1905
                  [=Cirrodrilus cirratus  (Yamaguchi, 1932a)  Holt 1967a]
                 
        [=Stephanodrilus (Ceratodrilus) cirratus  (Pierantoni, 1095)  Yamaguchi 1934]
        26. Cirrodrilus ezoensis  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus (St.) ezoensis  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        27.
        Cirrodrilus fimbriatus  Timm, 1991
        28. Cirrodrilus heteroglandularis  (Liu & Chang, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus heteroglandularis  Liu & Chang, 1964]
        29. Cirrodrilus homodontus  (Yamaguchi, 1932b)
                 
        [=Cambarincola homodontus  Yamaguchi, 1932b]
        30. Cirrodrilus inukaii  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus (St.) inukaii  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        31. Cirrodrilus japonicus  (Pierantoni, 1912)
                 
        [=Stephanodrilus japonicus  Pierantoni, 1912]
        32. Cirrodrilus kawamurai  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus (St.) kawamurai  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        33. Cirrodrilus liaoningensis  (Liu & Chang, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus liaoningensis  Liu & Chang, 1964]
        34. Cirrodrilus makinoi  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                 
        [=Stephanodrilus (St.) makinoi  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        35. Cirrodrilus megalodentatus  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                
          [=Stephanodrilus (St.) magalodentatus  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        36. Cirrodrilus minimus  (Liu, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus minimus  Liu, 1964]
        37. Cirrodrilus nipponicus  (Yamaguchi, 1932c)
                  [=Carcinodrilus nipponicus  Yamaguchi, 1932c]
        38. Cirrodrilus peristomalis  (Liu & Chang, 1964)
                  [=Stephanodrilus peristomalis  Liu & Chang, 1964]
        39. Cirrodrilus pugnax  Timm, 1991
        40. Cirrodrilus quadritentacularis  (Liu, 1984)
                  [=Stephanodrilus quadritentacularis  Liu, 1984]
        41. Cirrodrilus sapporensis  (Pierantoni, 1906)
                  [=Stephanodrilus sapporensis  Pierantonim 1906]
        42. Cirrodrilus suzukii  (Yamaguchi, 1934)
                  [=Stephanodrilus (St.) suzukii  Yamaguchi, 1934]
        43. Cirrodrilus uchidai  (Yamaguchi, 1932a)
                  [=Ceratodrilus Uchidai  Yamaguchi, 1932a]
                 
        [=Stephanodrilus (Ceratodrilus) uchidai  (Yamaguchi, 1932a)  Yamaguchi, 1934]

        Genus:  Xironogiton  Ellis, 1919    (6)

        44. Xironogiton cassiensis  Holt, 1974a
        45. Xironogiton fordi  Holt, 1974a
        46. Xironogiton instabilis  (Moore, 1894)  Holt 1974a
                  [=Bdellodrilus instabilis  (Moore, 1894)  Pierantoni 1912]
                  [=Branchiobdella instabilis  (Moore, 1894)  Ellis 1919]
                  [=Xironogiton instabilis instabilis  (Goodnight, 1940)  Holt 1974a]
                  [=Xironogiton instabilis oregonensis  (Goodnight, 1940)  Holt 1974a]
                  [=Xironogiton oregonensis  oregonensis  (Ellis, 1919)  Holt 1974a]
                  [=Xironogiton oregonensis  pectinatus (Ellis, 1919)  Holt 1974a]
        47. Xironogiton kittitasi  Holt, 1974a
        48. Xironogiton occidentalis  Ellis, 1919
        49. Xironogiton victoriensis  Gelder & Hall, 1990
         

      • Family:  Bdellodrilidae  Holt, 1986

        Genus:  Bdellodrilus  Moore, 1895b     (1)

        50. Bdellodrilus illuminatus  (Moore, 1894)
                  [=Branchiobdella illuminata  (Moore, 1894)]

        Genus:  Cronodrilus  Holt, 1968b     (1)

        51. Cronodrilus ogygius  Holt, 1968b

        Genus:  Hidejiodrilus  Gelder & Brinkhurst, 1990     (1)

                          52. Hidejiodrilus koreanus  (Pierantoni, 1912)
                                      [=Stephanodrilis koreanus  (Pierantoni, 1912)]

        Genus:  Uglukodrilus  Holt, 1989b     (1)

                          53. Uglukodrilus hemophagus  (Holt, 1977a)
                                      [=Adenodrilus hemaphagus  Holt, 1977a]

         

                 Genus:  Caridinophilus  Liang, 1963      (1)

                                  54. Caridinophilus unidens  Liang, 1963

                 Genus:  Cambarincola  Ellis, 1912     (48)

                                   55. Cambarincola acudentatus  Holt, 1973a
                                   56. Cambarincola alienus  Holt, 1963
                                   57. Cambarincola barbarae  Holt, 1981a
                                   58. Cambarincola bobbi  Holt, 1988a
                                   59. Cambarincola branchiophilus  Holt, 1954
                                   60. Cambarincola carcinophilus  Holt, 1973a
                                   61. Cambarincola chirocephalus  Ellis, 1919
                                                [=Cambarincola (Coronata) chirocephala  (Ellis, 1919)  Goodnight 1940]
                                   62. Cambarincola demissus  Hoffman, 1963
                                   63. Cambarincola dubius  Holt, 1973b
                                   64. Cambarincola ellisi  Holt, 1973a
                                   65. Cambarincola fallax  Hoffman, 1963
                                   66. Cambarincola floridanus  Goodnight, 1941
                                   67. Cambarincola goodnighti  Holt, 1973c
                                   68. Cambarincola gracilis  Robinson, 1954
                                   69. Cambarincola heterognathus  Hoffman, 1963
                                   70. Cambarincola hoffmani  Holt, 1973a
                                   71. Cambarincola holostomus  Hoffman, 1963
                                   72. Cambarincola holti  Hoffman, 1963
                                   73. Cambarincola illinoisensis  Holt, 1982
                                   74. Cambarincola ingens  Hoffman, 1963
                                   75. Cambarincola jamapaensis  Holt, 1973a
                                   76. Cambarincola leoni  Holt, 1973b
                                   77. Cambarincola leptadenus  Holt, 1973b
                                   78. Cambarincola macrocephalus  Goodnight, 1943
                                   79. Cambarincola macrodontus  Ellis, 1912
                                                [=Cambarincola (Cambarincola) macrodontus  (Ellis, 1912)  Goodnight 1940]
                                   80. Cambarincola manni  Holt, 1973c
                                   81. Cambarincola marthae  Holt, 1973b
                                   82. Cambarincola mesochoreus  Hoffman, 1963
                                   83. Cambarincola meyeri  Goodnight, 1942
                                   84. Cambarincola micradenus  Holt, 1973a
                                   85. Cambarincola montanus  (Goodnight, 1940)
                                                [=Triannulata montana  (Goodnight, 1940)  Holt 1974b]
                                   86. Cambarincola nanagnathus  Holt, 1973a
                                   87. Cambarincola olmecus  Holt, 1973a
                                   88. Cambarincola osceola  Hoffman, 1963
                                   89. Cambarincola ouachita  Hoffman, 1963
                                   90. Cambarincola pamelae  Holt, 1984a
                                   91. Cambarincola philadelphicus  (Leidy, 1851)
                                                [=Astacobdella Philadelphica  (Leidy, 1851)]
                                                [=Branchiobdella americana  (Pierantoni, 1912)  Holt 1967a]
                                                [=Cambarincola (Coronata) philadelphica  (Leidy, 1851)  Goodnight 1940]
                                   92. Cambarincola restans  Hoffman, 1963
                                   93. Cambarincola serratus  Holt, 1981a
                                   94. Cambarincola sheltensis  Holt, 1973b
                                   95. Cambarincola shoshone  Hoffman, 1963
                                   96. Cambarincola smalleyi  Holt, 1964
                                   97. Cambarincola speocirolanae  Holt, 1984b
                                   98. Cambarincola steevesi  Holt, 1973b
                                   99. Cambarincola susanae  Holt, 1973a
                                  100. Cambarincola toltecus  Holt, 1973a
                                  101. Cambarincola virginicus  Hoffman, 1963
                                  102. Cambarincola vitreus  Ellis, 1919
                                                [=Cambarincola (Cambarincola) vitrea  (Ellis, 1919)  Goodnight 1940]

                 Genus:  Ceratodrilus  Hall, 1914     (2)

                                  103. Ceratodrilus orphiorhysis  (Holt, 1960a)  Holt 1988b
                                  104. Ceratodrilus thysanosomus  Hall, 1914
                                                [=Cirrodrilus thysanosomus  (Hall, 1914)  Goodnight 1940]

                 Genus:  Ellisodrilus  Holt, 1960b     (3)

                                  105. Ellisodrilus carronamus  Holt, 1988a
                                  106. Ellisodrilus clitellatus  Holt, 1960b
                                  107. Ellisodrilus durbini  (Ellis, 1919)
                                                [=Pterodrilus durbini  (Ellis, 1919)  Holt 1960b]

                 Genus:  Magmatodrilus  Holt, 1967b     (1)

                                  108. Magmatodrilus obscurus  (Goodnight, 1940)
                                                [=Stephanodrilus obscurus  (Goodnight, 1940)  Holt 1967a]

                 Genus:  Oedipodrilus  Holt, 1967b     (4)

                                  109. Oedipodrilus anisognathus  Holt, 1988a
                                  110. Oedipodrilus cuetzalanae  Holt, 1984b
                                  111. Oedipodrilus macbaini  (Holt, 1955)
                                                [=Cambarincola macbaini  (Holt, 1955)  Holt 1969]
                                  112. Oedipodrilus oedipus  Holt, 1967b

                 Genus:  Pterodrilus  Moore, 1895a     (9)

                                  113. Pterodrilus alcicornus  Moore, 1895a
                                  114. Pterodrilus annulatus  Gelder, 1996
                                  115. Pterodrilus cedrus  Holt, 1968c
                                  116. Pterodrilus choritonamus  Holt, 1968c
                                  117. Pterodrilus distichus  Moore, 1895a
                                  118. Pterodrilus hobbsi  Holt, 1968c
                                  119. Pterodrilus mexicanus  Ellis, 1919
                                  120. Pterodrilus missouriensis  Holt, 1968c
                                  121. Pterodrilus simondsi  Holt, 1968c

                 Genus:  Sathodrilus  Holt, 1968b     (18)

                                  122. Sathodrilus attenuatus  Holt, 1981b
                                  123. Sathodrilus carolinensis  Holt, 1968b
                                  124. Sathodrilus chehalisae  Holt, 1981b
                                  125. Sathodrilus dorfus  Holt, 1977b
                                  126. Sathodrilus elevatus  (Goodnight, 1940)
                                                [=Cambarincola elevatus  (Goodnight, 1940)  Holt 1978]
                                                [=Cambarincola (Cambarincola) elevatus  (Goodnight, 1940)  Hoffman 1963]
                                  127. Sathodrilus hortoni  Holt, 1973c
                                  128. Sathodrilus inversus  (Ellis, 1919)
                                                [=Cambarincola inversa  (Ellis, 1919)]
                                                [=Cambarincola (Cambarincola) inversa  (Ellis, 1919)  Goodnight 1940]
                                                [=Sathodrilus virgiliae  (Holt, 1977b)  Holt 1981b]
                                  129. Sathodrilus lobatus  Holt, 1977b
                                  130. Sathodrilus megadenus  Holt, 1968b
                                  131. Sathodrilus nigrofluvius  Holt, 1989b
                                  132. Sathodrilus norbyi  Holt, 1977b
                                  133. Sathodrilus okaloosae  Holt, 1973c
                                  134. Sathodrilus prostates  Holt, 1973a
                                  135. Sathodrilus rivigeae  Holt, 1988a
                                  136. Sathodrilus shastae  Holt, 1981b
                                  137. Sathodrilus veracruzicus  Holt, 1968b
                                  138. Sathodrilus villalobosi  Holt, 1968b
                                  139. Sathodrilus wardinus  Holt, 1981b

                 Genus:  Tettodrilus  Holt, 1968b     (1)

                                  140. Tettodrilus friaufi  Holt, 1968b

                 Genus:  Triannulata  Goodnight, 1940     (1)

                                  141. Triannulata magna  Goodnight, 1940

              Family:  Xironodrilidae  Holt, 1986

                 Genus:  Holtodrilus  Gelder & Brinkhurst, 1990     (1)

                                  142. Holtodrilus truncatus  (Liang, 1963)

                 Genus:  Xironodrilus  Ellis, 1919     (5)

                                  143. Xironodrilus appalachius  Goodnight, 1943
                                  144. Xironodrilus bashariae  Holt & Weigl, 1979
                                  145. Xironodrilus dentatus  Goodnight, 1940
                                                [=Xironodrilus pulcherrimus dentatus  (Goodnight, 1940)  Goodnight 1943]
                                  146. Xironodrilus formosus  Ellis, 1919
                                  147. Xironodrilus pulcherrimus  (Moore, 1894)
                                                [=Branchiobdella pulcherrima  (Moore, 1894)  Ellis, 1919]

        Incertae sedis ("of uncertain placement"))

        a.  Sinodrilus heterorchis  (Liu & Zhang, 1983)  Gelder & Brinkhurst 1990.

        Nomen inquirenda ("names under enquiry")

        b.  Branchiobdella tetradonta  Pierantoni, 1912  (Holt 1967a:7)
        c.  Cambarincola akadai  Yamaguchi, 1933  (Holt & Opell 1993:253)

        Nomen nudem ("unavailable names")

        d.  Astocobdella Abildgaard  Diesing, 1850:434 -- inadequate description.
        e.  Bdellodrilus manus  n. sp.  cited in Moore 1895a:454  -- no description.
        f.   Branchiobdella chilensis  Moquin-Tandon, 1846:300  -- no description.
                    [=Astacobdella chilensis  Diesing, 1850]
        g.  Branchiobdella auriculae  Moquin-Tandon, 1846:301  -- no description.


        Literature Cited:

        Holt, P.C. & Opell, B.D. (1993).  A checklist of and illustrated key to the genera and species of the Central and North American Cambarincolidae (Clitellata: Branchiobdellida). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington  106: 251-295.


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        Last Updated:  14 March 2008
        James W. Fetzner Jr.